HealthCare Majota

majota health care logo
blood pressure variation in woman

Blood pressure variation – 22 factors that affect it

Share on social networks 💚

High blood pressure is a disease that is often called a “silent killer” because it proceeds without symptoms that would warn of a disease.

This inconspicuous phase can last for several years, even a whole decade. Its presence can be accidentally discovered during the examination for some other reason, but it can be too late because, after such a long time, it has already caused changes in the organs or led to serious complications.

This disorder is subject to constant changes in values, as a consequence of the action of many factors of the internal and external environment. In the text below, you will learn about the 23 factors that lead to blood pressure variation.

Situations and factors that affect the heights of values

1. In childhood, the values ​​are the lowest. In adults, systolic and diastolic blood pressure increase with age, with diastolic pressure growing very slowly after the age of 45.

2. Epidemiological data indicate a difference in values ​​depending on the gender of the person; in younger and middle age the pressure is lower in women, while after the age of 50 it is lower in men

3. There is a difference in the amount of pressure on the left and right hand in 40% of people, with 75% of people having higher values ​​on the right hand. Therefore, when diagnosing hypertensive disease, it is necessary to measure the pressure on both hands, and later, during the control, only on the hand on which the pressure is higher.

female lying on the bed and having low blood pressure

4. Lying in bed lowers blood pressure. When a person gets up after lying down for a long time, both values ​​usually increase at the same time, although sometimes only a decrease in systolic pressure can occur.

5. During sexual intercourse, blood pressure increases and reaches its highest value at the moment of orgasm (in women these values ​​can be increased from 30 to 80 mmHg for the upper, and from 20 to 40 mmHg for the lower. As for men, these values ​​can be increased from 40 and even up to 100 mmHg for the upper, and from 20 to 50 mmHg for the lower), and then there is a marked decrease in value.

This fact is of great importance for heart patients, especially if they have had a heart attack or suffer from angina pectoris or hypertension.

6. In restful sleep, the value decreases, and in restless sleep, it can increase by as much as 40 to 70 mmHg, and even more, which can be the cause of a stroke, acute heart failure, or an attack of angina pectoris.

Insomnia on the other hand leads to an increase in value.

7. During, as well as after meals, the systolic (upper) value increases, while the diastolic (lower) value remains unchanged or slightly lower.

8. If you have just eaten, smoked, drank coffee or alcohol, wait at least half an hour and only then start measuring, because for most people these activities lead to a temporary increase in value. Many studies indicate that, for example, chronic alcoholism is an important factor in the development of hypertension.

9. If you have recently woken up, wait at least an hour to have some moderate activity, and then start measuring your blood pressure. On the other hand, if you do gymnastics or some other exercises in the morning, wait at least two hours before measuring in order for the condition in the body to normalize.

10. Deep breathing is something that stabilizes blood pressure, so the patient is advised to take 5 to 6 deep inhales and exhales before each measurement.

female doctor holding and showing home digital upper arm blood pressure monitor

11. It is necessary to sit still for at least 5 minutes before you start measuring, and also the hand on which you will put the cuff is necessary to be at heart level.

You can read and learn about the method of correct measurement, as well as choosing the best and most accurate digital monitor for measuring blood pressure at home, in the article in our blog section.

12. The room in which you will perform the measurement is necessary to be noise-free, and the chair on which you sit with a backrest.

13. During psychic and emotional experiences such as joy, sadness, fear, anger, nervousness, and the like, values ​​increase.

14. Heavy and hard physical work, also leads to an increase in value.

15. The pressure in the arteries follows the natural flows in a period of 24 hours, so we can say that the values ​​change depending on the time of day.

It is usually highest in the morning after waking up and starting regular daily activities. Until about 5 pm, the values ​​remain at the same level, and after that time there is a slight progressive drop in pressure, which reaches its lowest values ​​after midnight and in the early morning hours, while the person is asleep. This 24-hour cycle is known as the circadian rhythm. If a person rai in the evening or night shifts, which is very common nowadays, the circadian rhythm of blood pressure is of course different.

16. In women, these values ​​are higher before and during menstruation (menstrual cycle), and significantly lower later. In the first 6 months of pregnancy, the pressure decreases, and in the last 3 months, it reaches the values ​​before pregnancy. During childbirth, the pressure increases (especially upper, systolic) and normalizes after childbirth.

17. An increase in the outside temperature lowers the values ​​due to the dilation of the blood vessels of the skin, while colder days and a decrease in temperature have the opposite effect.

doctor measuring and control blood pressure to patient

18. Changes in humidity and air temperature and a sudden drop in atmospheric pressure cause greater variations in values, and thus different reactions of the organism (for example, problems can last 2-3 days).

19. Coughing and sneezing lead to an increase in systolic (upper) values ​​even up to 50 mmHg. Therefore, it is very important to calm down before measuring this phenomenon, especially cough and especially in the elderly and hypertensives.

20. In the presence of constipation, bowel emptying or straining can cause a significant increase in values ​​and even lead to undesirable complications, especially in the elderly (heart failure, angiotic pain, stroke, etc.). Therefore, care should be taken to regulate the stool with medication, herbal teas, and proper nutrition.

21. A full bladder increases the values, while after urination these values ​​fall sharply (orthostatic hypotension) which can cause short-term loss of consciousness. Therefore, because of this phenomenon, especially at night, older men should not stand when urinating but should sit on a toilet bowl, as well as not get up abruptly after urination.

22. Stress can lead to an increase in blood pressure when, for example, a person is scared and nervous. As soon as a person relaxes, these values ​​also start to decline. Now, this doesn’t have to be true for a person who already has hypertension, because in these people, just reducing stress levels doesn’t have to lower high blood pressure.

That’s it!

We hope this article helped you learn which are the most common but also the most important variations of blood pressure that we all need to be familiar with and that we need to be aware of. And of course, how to prevent all that.

We think that it will be very interesting and important for you to look at our texts on what are the risk factors for coronary heart disease, as well as what are the best medications for blood pressure regulation.

And if you are looking for more ways to improve your heart health, you should check our other great Majota Blog posts.

Also, if you have any questions or feel that there is some other important blood pressure variation we have not listed, feel free to leave a comment, it will mean a lot to us and we will be grateful for it.

Share on social networks 💚

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.