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Cardiovascular heart disease symptoms – 11 warning signs

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All heart problems do not always come with clear warning signs. You are probably wondering if something goes wrong with your heart you would find out about it in time. There is not always an alarming warning, some symptoms of heart disease will not easily let you know what is happening.

If you are overweight, have high cholesterol or high blood pressure, diabetes, you are older than 60, in other words, the more risk factors are present, the more you should take into account some of the symptoms that occur and are characteristic of heart disease.

In the text that follows, we will talk about Cardiovascular heart disease symptoms that need special attention, as well as which foods we recommend for prevention.

Here are some quick links to what we’ll cover in this article. If you’re in hurry, or for any other reason, feel free to use the quick links to jump straight to the section you want to read:

What is heart disease and what heart diseases exist?

Heart disease is one of the most common health problems we face. By knowing some of the signs and symptoms of heart disease, we will be able to reduce the risk of developing serious complications, such as a heart attack.

Heart disease is a term that refers to a whole range of heart diseases. That includes:

  • Arrhythmias
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart failure
  • Angina pectoris
  • Other heart-related abnormalities, infections, and birth abnormalities

The heart is a complex muscle that supplies the whole body with blood vital oxygen and nutrients. It needs enough strength for this action, but due to the current fast lifestyle, our cardiovascular system suffers the most.

First of all, due to the lack of exercise, the heart muscle is no longer trained enough; and today’s diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, or chronic stress are factors that negatively affect the heart.

What are the 11 signs and symptoms that need special attention?

1. Chest discomfort is the most common sign of danger in heart problems. If you have a blocked artery or a heart attack, you may feel pain, tightness, or pressure in your chest.

elder woman with chest pain

Each patient has a different description of that feeling, some say they feel like an elephant is sitting on their chest, while others describe it as a feeling of fire or pinching in the chest. The feeling usually lasts longer than a few minutes. It can happen when you are at rest or when you are physically active. If it’s just a short pain or if that place hurts more when you touch or press it, it probably doesn’t apply to your heart.

Keep in mind heart problems, even a heart attack can come without chest pain. This is especially common in women.

2. Nausea, indigestion, heartburn, or stomach pain – some people who have these symptoms during a heart attack may even vomit. Women are more likely to experience this type of symptom than men.

Of course, you can have a stuffy stomach for many reasons that have nothing to do with your heart. It could be because of something you ate, but you need to be aware that it can also happen during a heart attack.

3. Pain spreading to the arm – another classic symptom of a heart attack is pain that occurs on the left side of the body. It almost always starts from the chest and moves outwards.

You may not associate hand pain with the heart, but it can be a sign of a heart attack. If the pain does not go away, or if you know you have heart disease, you should seek urgent medical advice.

4. You feel dizzy or light-headed – many things can make you feel like you’re losing your balance, or turning pale in an instant. Maybe you didn’t eat or drink enough, or you got up too quickly.

But if you suddenly feel unstable, and you also have chest discomfort or shortness of breath, call a doctor immediately. This could mean that your blood pressure has dropped because your heart is not able to pump properly.

5. Sore throat or jaw – by itself, sore throat or jaw pain is probably not related to the heart. But if you have pain or pressure in the middle of your chest that spreads to your throat or jaw, it could be a sign of a heart attack.

6. You are simply exhausted – if you suddenly feel tired or exhausted after doing something you have not had problems with in the past, such as climbing stairs or carrying groceries from the market – make an appointment with your doctor immediately.

Extreme exhaustion or unexplained weakness, sometimes for days at a time, can be a symptom of heart disease, especially in women.

7. Snoring – it is common to snore a little while sleeping, but unusually loud snoring that sounds like choking can be a sign of sleep apnea. This puts extra stress on your heart.

8. Sweating –  for no apparent reason sweating can signal a heart attack. If this happens with any of these other symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.

elder man coughing

9. Cough that does not stop – in most cases, this is not a sign of heart problems. But if you have heart disease or you know you are in danger, pay special attention to that possibility.

If you have a prolonged cough that produces white or pink mucus, it could be a sign of heart failure. This happens when the heart cannot keep up with the needs of the body, causing the blood to return to the lungs.

Check what is causing your cough.

10. Swelling of the legs and joints – this may be a sign that your heart is not pumping blood as efficiently as it should. When the heart cannot pump fast enough, blood supports the veins and causes bloating.

Heart failure can also make it difficult to remove water and sodium from the body, which can lead to bloating.

11. Irregular heartbeat – it is normal for your heart to beat faster when you are nervous or excited, or to skip or speed up for a while. But if you feel like your heart wants to jump out of your chest and it lasts for more than a few seconds, or if it happens often, tell your doctor.

In most cases, this is caused by something that is easy to fix, like too much caffeine or if you don’t get enough sleep. But occasionally, it could signal a condition called atrial fibrillation that requires treatment.

In any case, ask your doctor to check.

Cardiovascular heart disease prevention with food

There are several ways you can reduce your risk of developing coronary heart disease (eg, lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels):

Eat healthy, balanced foods. A low-fat, high-fiber diet is recommended, which includes lots of fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains. You should limit the amount of salt you eat, not more than 6 g per day because too much salt increases blood pressure. 6g of salt is about one teaspoon.

There are two types of fats: saturated and unsaturated. You should avoid foods that contain saturated fats because they will increase the level of bad cholesterol in your blood.

Foods rich in saturated fats include:

* sausages
* cream
* butter
* pig fat
* bacon
* hard cheese
* cookies and biscuits
* foods that contain coconut or palm oil

However, a balanced diet should also include unsaturated fats, which have been shown to increase the level of good cholesterol and help reduce any blockages in the arteries.

Foods rich in unsaturated fats include:

* sea ​​fish
* olives
* avocado
* walnuts and seeds
* sunflower, oilseed rape, and vegetable oils

You should also avoid too much sugar in your diet, as this can increase your chances of developing diabetes, which has been shown to dramatically increase your chances of heart problems.

preparing healthy food

Combining a healthy diet with regular exercise is the best way to maintain a healthy, normal weight, and a normal weight reduces your chances of developing high blood pressure. Regular exercise will make your heart and bloodstream more efficient, lower your cholesterol levels and keep your blood pressure at a healthy level. It is important to find out what your ideal weight is in relation to your height and build.

If you smoke, stop, because it will reduce the risk of developing heart disease. Smoking is a major risk factor for developing atherosclerosis, and also causes most cases of coronary thrombosis in people under the age of 50.

If you drink, do not exceed the maximum recommended limits. Always avoid drinking, because it increases the risk of a heart attack.

If you have high cholesterol, high blood pressure and if you have been prescribed medication, it is important that you take them and follow the correct dose. Do not stop taking your medication without first consulting your doctor, as this will make your heart disease symptoms worse and endanger your health.

The heart is a muscle and, like any other muscle, it benefits from exercise. A strong heart can pump more blood into your body with less effort. Any aerobic exercise, such as walking, swimming, or dancing, makes your heart stronger and keeps it healthy.

The best food for a healthy heart – 14 recommendations

1. Asparagus is a natural source of folate, which helps prevent the formation of an amino acid called homocysteine ​​in the body. High levels of homocysteine ​​are associated with an increased risk of heart conditions, such as coronary artery disease and stroke.

2. Beans, peas, lentils – otherwise known as legumes – can significantly reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or “bad cholesterol” levels.

They are a source of protein, rich in minerals such as phosphate, potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, and zinc, as well as fiber, and have a beneficial effect on the heart and health in general.

goji berries in wooden spoon and bowl

3. Goji berries are also full of antioxidant polyphenols, which help reduce the risk of heart disease.

Berries are a great source of fiber, folate, iron, calcium, vitamin A and vitamin C. They are considered the fruit with the most antioxidant properties.

4. Broccoli – some studies suggest that regular consumption of steamed broccoli can lower cholesterol and prevent heart disease.

5. Chia seeds and flaxseed – this seed is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as alpha-linolenic acid.

Omega-3s have many beneficial effects, such as lowering triglycerides, LDL, and total cholesterol. They also lower blood pressure and reduce the accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries. They reduce the risk of disorders that can lead to heart attacks, such as thrombosis and arrhythmias.

6. Dark chocolate is a rare example of a food that is delicious and good for you, of course, if you eat in moderation.

Scientists now believe that dark chocolate has protective benefits against atherosclerosis.

7. Coffee – one recent study found that regular coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of developing heart failure and stroke. Consuming more than three cups of coffee each day can reduce the risk of atherosclerosis.

8. Sea fish – is a powerful source of omega-3 fatty acids and proteins that help the heart.

sea fish on wooden board

People who have heart disease or are at risk of developing it are often advised to increase their omega-3 intake by eating fish; this is because they reduce the risk of abnormal heartbeats and slow the growth of plaque in the arteries.

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), it is necessary to eat fish at least three times a week – such as salmon, mackerel, herring, sardines, and others.

9. Green tea – drinking green tea is associated with lowering cholesterol, which, as we know, is a major factor in the development of heart disease and stroke.

In 2014, another study examined the effects of drinking green tea on people with high blood pressure.

The report concluded that green tea was associated with lowering blood pressure. But the authors could not determine whether these modest reductions could help prevent heart disease.

10. Nuts – Almonds, hazelnuts, peanuts, pistachios, and walnuts are healthy foods for maintaining a healthy heart. They are full of protein, fiber, minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants.

Like fish and flaxseed, nuts are also rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which makes them a healthy snack on the go.

11. Red wine – many studies have noted the potential health benefits of antioxidants in red wine. However, the benefits of antioxidants are unlikely to outweigh the dangers of alcohol.

Red wine contains useful antioxidants, but keep in mind that it should be consumed only in moderation.

12. Spinach – you can help maintain a healthy heart rhythm by regularly consuming good sources of magnesium. Spinach is one of the best sources of dietary magnesium, and spinach consumption is associated with a number of health benefits.

tomatoes

13. Tomato has a lot of nutrients that could help keep our hearts healthy. Small red fruits are full of fiber, potassium, vitamin C, folate, and choline, which are all good for the heart.

According to some scientists, increasing the intake of potassium while reducing the intake of sodium is the most important change in the diet in an attempt to reduce the risk of heart disease.

14. Vegetables – the advice is to eat eight or more meals of fruits and vegetables every day. Vegetables are low in fat and calories, but rich in fiber, minerals, and vitamins.

A healthy amount of vegetables in your diet can help maintain a normal weight and blood pressure.

That’s it!

We hope this post helped you learn what are Cardiovascular heart disease symptoms,  what are the indicators, warning signs, and symptoms, and of course the best food we recommend as prevention. Also, we have given you the best tips for a healthy life and healthy habits, which, in addition to food, are also a very important form of prevention for cardiovascular diseases.

We think that it will be very interesting and important for you to look at our texts about what are the risk factors for coronary heart disease as well as the best diet for a healthy heart – DASH diet.

And if you are looking for more ways to improve your heart health, you should check our other great Heart Health Majota blog posts.

Also, if you have any questions or feel that there is some other important symptom, the remedy, or treatment for high cholesterol and triglycerides we have not listed, feel free to leave a comment, it will mean a lot to us and we will be grateful for it.


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