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obesity factors and symptoms

Does obesity cause high blood pressure? Well, it’s obvious.

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There is no doubt that obesity is one of the most common and dangerous enemies of heart health and one of the leading risk factors.

Obese people can often be found in doctors’ offices. It’s very simple: Over time, the heart practically “grows” into fat and, unfortunately, is suffocated.

Some scientists claim that every extra kilogram shortens human life by a year. It may be a bit exaggerated, but it has undoubtedly been proven that obese people die in a fairly large percentage. So, the answer to the question does obesity causes high blood pressure is quite obvious, but we certainly promise you a lot of interesting and useful things in the article that follows.

Here are some quick links to what we’ll cover in this article. If you’re in hurry, or for any other reason, feel free to use the quick links to jump straight to the section you want to read:

Who is actually obese?

the doctor tells the obese patient about the factors and consequences

Using the usual measure according to which, on average, a person should weigh as many kilograms as his height in centimeters, minus one meter.

The World Health Organization (WHO), based on its statistics, indicates that obesity, in addition to smoking, high blood pressure, alcoholism, and cancer, is the greatest threat to human health in all countries of the world.

It can be defined as a weight that is greater than normal weight or better said, than ideal body weight.

Formulas

The ideal body weight is actually a normal weight from which we subtract 10% when it comes to men, and 15% when it comes to women. So to calculate the ideal body, due to its simplicity, the most commonly used is the following:

IBW = Ideal Body Weight

BH = Body Height

The normal weight for a person, say 185 centimeters tall and weighing 90 kilograms, would be as follows:

185 cm – 100 cm = 85 kg

This person, therefore, weighs 5 kilograms more than his normal body weight.

As for the ideal body weight, it is for this person:

85 kg – 10% = 76.5 kg for men

85 kg – 15% = 72.25 kg for women

Relative body weight is also a term that appears and is one of the most commonly used indices for the percentage of nutrition. Represents the value obtained when the actual body weight is divided by the number representing the ideal body weight and the obtained quotient is multiplied by 100.

RBW = Relative Body Weight

BW = Body Weight

IBW = Ideal Body Weight

Bodyweight depends not only on adipose tissue but also on other components of the human body such as water, bones, muscles, other tissues, and organs. Therefore, all these factors take part in the calculation of the formulas shown above because they are not the same at every age.

Statistics and research

People who do physical work on a daily basis usually keep the same number for the rest of their lives. On the other side, people who do their work while sitting, as a rule, increase their weight with age (aging). The main cause is the disproportion between appetite and physical work. In other words, people who do not do physical work take in more food than they need. For that reason, bodyweight progressively increases because the calories consumed are not consumed (they are not burned).

cholesterol in heart arteries

Statistics from world insurance companies also indicate the great harm that obesity has on health, and especially that it is the cause of heart and blood vessel diseases. Their statistics have also shown that weight loss increases the chances of prolonging life.

A study conducted by the WHO had the task of comparing the results of pathological and anatomical findings (autopsies of the dead) in five large European cities. Research has shown that dead people who had a lot of fatty subcutaneous tissue suffered from a much higher percentage of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease, in contrast to rooms without such tissue.

It remains quite unclear whether obesity is a risk factor in itself or a consequence of other risk factors with which it is associated (diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia). In any case, one answer is correct: in order to prevent atherosclerosis, you need to lose weight and strive for normal body weight. Also, read the best tips on how to cure diabetes naturally.

What types exist?

Adipose tissue in obese people accumulates not only under the skin, but also around many organs in the abdomen, and especially around the heart and heart sac, and thus complicates its movements. This requires overcoming greater efforts, which over time leads to a permanent increase in blood pressure in these people.

According to the distribution of body fat, there are several types and each can indicate in advance which diseases the person is prone to.

The so-called android type of “apple” is characterized by the accumulation of fat in the upper parts of the body, shoulders, nape, and abdomen above the navel. Waist circumference increases the most in people who eat white bread. A person of this type is prone to hypertension, angina pectoris, hypercholesterolemia, and atherosclerosis. This type can most often be seen in men.

The second gynoid type of “pear” is characterized by the accumulation of fat in the lower parts of the body, under the navel, and on the hips and legs. People of this type are prone to disorders of the respiratory organs, heart function, and varicose veins, and unlike the previous one, this type can most often be seen in women.

And, combined type

The largest number of obese people belong to the so-called mixed type, so, therefore, those people are prone to diseases that are characteristic of both types.

Based on all the above, we can conclude that genetics play a role. From ancestors, man inherits some characteristics: how tall he is, how he is built, that is. what is the constitution, and therefore the tendency to obesity, because obese children can often be seen in such parents.

In the end, it all comes down to the fact that the main cause is the habit of a rich diet, ie the intake of food in the body to a greater extent than is necessary for his physical activity.

Which age is the most critical?

obese and healthy man and their diet

It doesn’t have to be the rule, but somehow it often happens when a person enters the fourth decade of life. Mostly men, because at that time they somehow stop actively playing sports, they acquire a certain life vocation, family, life problems arrive, so a person relaxes and finds solace in a rich diet.

In addition, there are periods and situations in which individuals are more inclined to gain weight. For example, in women when they are pregnant, after childbirth, and during menopause, as well as during prolonged use of contraceptives. Then, in both sexes, the period of marriage, the transition from a physically harder to a physically easier job, after serious injuries, during a longer stay in bed, and sometimes even after quitting smoking.

In middle age, everyone loses a bit of muscle tissue. If you do not exercise, the muscles will atrophy, and if you continue to eat the same amount of food, ie the number of calories, those that will not be burned will turn into fat.

Tips and facts

On the other hand, if you often stick to a diet and starve, the body adapts to it, so that even that little food burns more slowly, and weight loss is painful. Chronic starvation slows down the metabolism. It should be said that losing fat also loses muscle if you starve because the body now burns proteins, which would otherwise be used to maintain muscle.

When losing weight, the goal must be to lose only fat, not muscle or water.

If you are healthy, full of energy, and eat sensibly, and yet you are at the top of the weight scale, it is possible that this is the weight that suits you, and trying to lose weight would probably be a bad experience. On the other hand, if you are above normal and you do not move enough, eat poorly and feel sluggish, losing a few pounds would mean a lot to you, in fact, it could be the difference between health and chronic illness.

What is the situation with children?

Obesity in children is an additional sign of danger. Because, those who are overweight have a bigger heart, so the need for oxygen is more pronounced.

As a result, one-third of children have trouble breathing during sleep.

People who were obese as children are more likely to develop heart disease or diabetes. Already at the age of 8 to 16, the presence of C – reactive protein was determined, which indicates inflammation and the process that leads to the formation of atherosclerotic deposits.

So, the only and best option for preventing obesity is, you guessed it, prevention. Because once this phenomenon occurs, it is very difficult to turn the process in another direction.

Some frightening facts

In a person with this problem, the levels of triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood are elevated, which are ideal bases for a heart attack.

Being overweight in women doubles the risk of stroke.

Fats also affect the permeability of the blood vessels of the eye and directly damage the retinal cells. People who eat fatty foods are at three times the risk of the progressive degeneration of the fundus.

fat man eating unhealthy food

Also, obesity leads to vascular dementia because due to the narrowing of blood vessels in the brain, there is a decrease in the inflow of fresh blood into the brain, which leads to the deterioration of brain tissue.

The risk of surgical interventions is much higher when it is performed on people with this problem, due to impaired pulmonary ventilation, diseases of blood vessels, as well as possible pulmonary embolism. Being overweight reduces the chances of many patients surviving the operation, so many surgeons refuse any intervention before the patient becomes weak.

Symptoms of obesity: Initially, they are discrete, but suddenly worsen, from light fatigue, difficulty breathing, difficulty moving, to pain in the joints and feet with swelling of the legs.

Later, drowsiness accompanied by cyanosis (blue face) occurs. Also, back pain often occurs, especially in the lower groin.

In addition to all the already mentioned effects of weight on body parts and the organism, it is important to note that fertility is also endangered in such persons.

If fat is so dangerous, then why do we have it naturally?

Simply because our body needs it in a certain percentage.

The oily layer under the skin helps us keep the body warm.

Adipose tissue creates a reservoir for vital organs and supports them.

It helps the muscles and the immune system to function efficiently, and also gives the skin suppleness.

Is this a disease?

Scientists today agree: “Obesity is a disease” and demand that it be looked at like any other disease. Unsuccessful weight loss is not just a matter of weak will, and continuous weight loss is something very difficult. The inhabitants of the USA are already among the fattest in the world. And the youngest is getting heavier.

overweight woman making healthy meal

What does weight regulation mean for an obese person?

This is by no means a reduction in the number of meals or a reduction of the diet to only a few types of food for one period. This type of diet does more harm than good. These methods usually disrupt the rhythm in the diet, which causes a disorder in the secretion of gastric juice; this results in diseases of the digestive organs, as well as a disorder in the intake of certain ingredients necessary in food, such as minerals and vitamins.

“Obesity is a chronic disease!” – is the message of the Seventh Meeting of European Obesity Experts (Barcelona ’96) – and it has taken on the scale of an epidemic, which has catastrophic consequences to this day.

So, that’s it. We hope that this article has helped you find the right answer in relation to obesity that will best suit your needs and the health situation in which your weight and your heart are currently.

If you have any questions or feel that there is some other important question or information about obesity that we have not listed, feel free to leave a comment, it will mean a lot to us and we will be grateful for it.

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