High blood pressure or hypertension belongs to the group of five main high-risk factors for developing heart and blood vessel diseases.
According to research and data from the World Health Organization (WHO), every fifth adult suffers from these so-called diseases of civilization, and in total between 10 and 25% of the entire population on the planet.
The sick person becomes conscious only when a severe and clinically clear illness occurs. Sometimes, sudden death can be the first and only sign of illness.
That is why it is said that high blood pressure is a silent killer and that it is, therefore, necessary to measure it regularly and often.
Therefore, in the following article, we help you with the answer to the question of what is the most accurate home blood pressure monitor and what parameters to consider when choosing and buying it.
Here are some quick links to what we’ll cover in this article. If you’re in hurry, or for any other reason, feel free to use the quick links to jump straight to the section you want to read:
- The best explanation for blood pressure you will ever find
- Numbers and stages
- Measuring, monitoring, and control
- 13 points for the correct measurement
- What’s really going on while measuring?
- Why is it important to control blood pressure at home?
- How do values change with age?
- Daily variations?
- 2 the most common misconceptions
- 5 key things to apply to balance and regulate high blood pressure (short and clear)
With each beat, the heart pump sends blood from the left chamber to the blood vessels of the whole body, down to the smallest – capillaries.
In order for the system to function and expel all 5.5 liters of blood through the body, a certain pressure is needed. It is the force that the walls of the arteries suffer as blood passes through them. This phenomenon is often compared to the pressure in the garden hose because, without some kind of force that would push it, water would not be able to reach from one end of the hose to the other.
As we have already mentioned, there are two numbers in the blood pressure reading.
The first means systolic (upper) – the amount of pressure in the arteries when the heart constricts (convulses) and squeezes blood into the aorta.
The second number indicates diastolic (lower) pressure – the amount of pressure in the arteries between beats, when the heart relaxes and fills with blood. The heart muscle must relax completely before contracting again. During this period, blood pressure drops.
The ideal or optimal value is 120/80 (this reads 120 by/with 80) mmHg, and that is what you should strive for.
Therefore, the only reliable method to diagnose or determine arterial hypertension (high blood pressure) in time, is to measure it regularly and often. For most people, the best is – 2 times every morning, 2 times every evening.
This is a fairly easy process. Either older mercury devices or digital monitors are most often used for measurement. The range of digital home monitors for measurement is quite wide and can be divided into those for the upper arm, wrist, or finger. Most doctors recommend those with upper arm cuffs because these are the most accurate. These devices, unlike older devices with mercury, show systolic and diastolic values on the screen, as well as pulse/heart rate.
It’s very important that digital pressure monitors should be kept away from other devices that emit electromagnetic radiation, such as mobile phones.
In order for the measurement results to be the most accurate, it is most important that the following conditions are met:
1. Avoid exercise, caffeine, and tobacco at least 30 minutes prior
2. Find a quiet place to sit, at the optimum temperature
3. If you are upset, wait a few minutes to calm down
4. Support your back and sit up straight
5. Feet should be flat on the floor, uncrossed
6. Use toilet needs before measurement
7. Rest an arm on a flat surface with palm facing up
8. Place cuff above the elbow, at heart level
9. Rest quietly for 5 minutes
10. Avoid talking
11. When the measurement is complete, write down the values you see on the monitor display
12. Wait 5 minutes, then repeat the procedure. After that once again, so that there would be a total of 3 measurements. Calculate the middle value.
13. That’s it 🙂
When the digital device is turned on at the push of a button, the air is pumped into a cuff wrapped around the upper arm until the artery is pressed so hard as to block blood flow and the pulse in the artery begins to “lose”.
Then the pump in the device gradually releases air from the cuff and reduces the pressure on the artery.
The moment the pressure in the cuff becomes equal to the patient’s systolic pressure, blood begins to flow through the arteries again.
Thus, blood pressure is a consequence of:
1. Dilation and contraction of blood vessels
2. Increases in the amount of fluid in the blood
3. Creation of substances that affect the functioning of blood vessels
4. Hormone secretion
5. The amount of blood that the heart expels
It was found that the pressures measured in health care institutions are often higher than those measured at home.
The reason for this phenomenon is nervousness and stress due to the examination, so the results can be false positive.
Also, based on only one measurement, it is not possible to draw a conclusion about permanent changes in blood pressure, so it is necessary to monitor how the values change over time.
There are many different types of home monitors on offer. First and foremost, it must be clinically tested and validated and must contain all the necessary certificates in this field. The most important thing is that the device is accurate and shows the correct values.
One that meets all these requirements, certainly among the best on the market, is
Complete ™ Wireless Upper Arm Blood Pressure Monitor + ECG, device with built-in ECG technology for easy, at-home blood pressure and ECG monitoring.
Systolic pressure increases normally with age from 18 to 79 years. The average diastolic pressure increases in men from 45 to 54 years of age, and in women from 55 to 65 years of age. People who had low blood pressure during adolescence usually have lower values in old age as well.
Systolic pressure gradually increases from early morning, reaching its highest value between 17 and 19 h. During sleep, blood pressure decreases significantly, which increases the chances of heart attack or stroke in a number of elderly people in the early morning (between 2 and 4 o’clock in the morning).
- Measuring blood pressure is the most common activity of general practitioners. ⛔
If you regularly monitor your blood pressure every day at the same time, give your doctor detailed information about changes in blood pressure.
Based on that, he is able to better monitor the effects of prescribed therapy and introduce corrections in order to regulate blood pressure values and reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular complications.
- A number of patients have learned incorrectly that an adult’s blood pressure is normal if the number 100 is added at the age of life and when that number corresponds to the level of blood pressure. ⛔
For example, according to this calculation, a 47-year-old man would have a normal blood pressure of 147 (47 + 100), and a 73-year-old woman would have a normal blood pressure of 173 (73 + 100).
Such calculations are not in line with realistic recommendations for estimating blood pressure reference values.
1. Quit smoking
According to the WHO, this harmful habit is a direct or indirect cause of death of 30% of deaths in industrialized countries.
2. Eliminate alcohol
If it is not possible to completely eliminate it from use, then at least reduce it to a maximum of 2 drinks a day.
3. Less salt in food
Reduce salt intake to less than 2.4 g per day, which reduces blood pressure by 2-8 mmHg. Gradually reduce the amount of salt you ingest to make it easier to get used to. You can also use a salt in which sodium has been replaced by potassium.
4. Weight reduction
If the problem of obesity is something that is already bothering you, and you want to solve it as soon as possible, you should definitely try some of the best programs for healthy eating or weight loss program.
5. Do sports and exercise
We hope this helped you learn why regular measurement of blood pressure from home is very important, as well as how it is necessary to perform it. Also, we have pointed out to you what to consider and how to choose an appropriate but above all accurate measurement monitor.
One more thing…
Also, it could be very important to read a post about natural ways to lower high blood pressure.
And if you are looking for more ways to improve your heart health, you should check our other great Majota Blog posts.
If you have any questions or feel that there is some other important information about measuring, monitoring, and controlling blood pressure at home, as well as choosing the right and quality monitor we have not listed, feel free to leave a comment, it will mean a lot to us and we will be grateful for it.